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Chi Sao!

This is the core of the system. Chi Sao gives optimum prowess. Sensitivity, contact reflexes, striking at close distance and trapping are some of Wing Chun's key factors. When meeting most teachers, masters and students of Wing Chun the emphasis is almost always on Chi Sao.

Through the years Chi Sao became a fighting art. Its purpose is an exercise to develop contact reflexes. Training Chi Sao allows a practitioner to develop sensitivity on their body geared towards combat. Without it the system would never be as effective. Chi Sao essentially trains a martial artist's body and mind towards feeling their opponent’s movements and reacting accordingly. This would be a technique used in the contact stage of combat as Chi Sao is worthless when using long distance techniques to fight.

It has been scientifically proven that the time it takes for the eyes to see a movement and allow the brain to react to it is far more than the time it takes for the skin to feel a movement. This is Chi Sao. Training the body to be able to recognise the signals transmitted by an opponent’s body whether it is movement, pressure or tension in the opponent’s body. But Chi Sao is not always used in defence. By reading an opponents body through use of Chi Sao a practitioner can make their move using Chi Sao to avoid the opponents defence and strike effectively.

Chi Sao Yip Man and Bruce Lee Demonstrating Chi Sao Training

Mook Jong / Wing Chun Wooden Dummy

Besides the forms one of the most effective training methods in Wing Chun is the Wing Chun Wooden Dummy or Mook Jong.

Mook Yan Jong - (pronounced mooHk yàHn jàng) literally translates "wood man post", but is usually just called a "wooden dummy" in English, or "jong" for short. The dummy consists of a body with two upper arms at shoulder level, a lower arm at stomach height, and one leg, suspended on a framework by two crosspieces.

Using the dummy to complete a series of 116 movements a practitioner user the dummy to build on his contact reflexes as well as being able to learn how to use all Wing Chun movements in conjunction with each other and footwork. The dummy not only allows one to practice and perfect their hand and foot movements combined with mobility, it also allows a martial artist to train their body and mind in positioning. While training a practitioner will move around the dummy gaining the upper hand to an opponent by putting the opponent at a disadvantage just by changing stance and position in relation the their opponent. Combine this with body conditioning allowing for stronger and faster muscles and a practitioner will guarantee a major advantage for themselves in most situations. Another use for the dummy is training in Chi Sao when a practitioner has no-one to train with. The dummy acts as a training partner when none is available.

Wing Chun DummyWing Chun Dummy